10 Types Of Common Skin Problems
Skin problems are pretty common in today's society for a number of reasons. While we try to maintain healthy skin, sometimes skin issues arise no matter what we do. Below is an overview of some common skin conditions based on medical information. Here are 10 types of common skin problems:
Acne is a very common skin condition that affects many people at some point in their lives. Pimples are very common in teenagers, but adults can also get them. The most common form of acne is known as acne vulgaris, which is characterized by whiteheads, blackheads, and pimples.
Acne can be caused by several factors including:
- Clogged pores Plugged hair follicles
- Hormones (androgen)
- Bacteria (Propionibacterium acnes)
Eczema is a term that describes inflammation of the skin. Eczema can be mild or severe and can have many causes.
The most common form of eczema is atopic dermatitis (AD). AD often begins in early childhood and lasts into adulthood. The word “atopic” refers to a genetic tendency for asthma, hay fever, and/or eczema. Other types of eczema include dyshidrotic eczema (chapped hands) and nummular eczema (coin-shaped lesions).
You may have heard about other skin conditions that are also related to atopies, such as food allergies and asthma. All of these conditions are called allergic diseases because they involve an overactive immune response from the body’s T cells that targets specific allergens (substances that cause an allergic reaction).
Psoriasis causes patches of thickened red skin covered with silvery scales that may be painful or itch over large areas of the body such as the elbows and knees or scalp (pityriasis capitis). It may occur on its own or alongside other conditions such as arthritis or diabetes mellitus—a disease associated with high blood sugar levels.
Hair Loss (alopecia)
Hair loss can be caused by many factors, including genetics, diet, illness, stress, and the environment. The most common cause of hair loss is androgenetic alopecia, which affects both men and women. Alopecia is the medical term for baldness.
Cold Sores (oral herpes)
Cold sores are caused by the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). This virus can also cause genital herpes, but it’s much more common to get oral herpes than genital herpes. Oral herpes sores usually appear as small blisters on or around your lips or mouth. They can also occur inside your mouth and on your tongue. Oral herpes sores typically heal within two weeks without treatment.
Age Spots/Sun Spots (liver spots)
Age spots are brown spots that appear on the skin as a result of sun exposure over time. They usually appear on certain areas of the body where there is less pigment — such as the face, hands, and arms — but they can also appear anywhere on your body if you spend time outside without protection from the sun’s rays.
Varicose veins are bulging veins that often look red or blue and sometimes swell. If they develop in your legs, they can be treated with compression stockings and cream to reduce swelling. If they develop elsewhere, surgery may be needed to repair them.
These are usually curable if detected early. However, if left untreated they can spread to other parts of the body and become life-threatening.
There are three types of skin cancer: basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and melanoma.
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common type of skin cancer and accounts for about three out of four cases of all non-melanoma skin cancers. BCC rarely spreads to other parts of the body and rarely causes death. It can sometimes develop into a more serious form called metastatic BCC or morphea form BCC that spreads deeper into the tissue below the surface of the skin causing disfigurement or deformity. BCC is more likely to occur in areas that have been exposed to ultraviolet radiation for long periods of time: face, nose, and ears; back of hands; scalp; upper chest; lower legs; soles of feet; sides.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Squamous cell carcinomas are more common than BCCs and tend to appear on parts of the body that receive less sun exposure, such as on the legs or arms. These tumors are typically red or pink and scaly in appearance, but can also be flat with little surface texture. The majority of SCCs start out as small bumps that enlarge over time before becoming ulcerated sores or open wounds that bleed easily. Squamous cell carcinomas often grow into deeper layers of skin tissue before they can be detected by a doctor.
This is a more serious type of skin cancer that accounts for about 1 out of every 4 cases. It can occur anywhere on your body but often appears on areas that get little sun exposure, like the soles of your feet or under fingernails. Melanomas can vary greatly in appearance from one another — some may be flat while others are raised and bumpy — but all melanomas should be checked by a doctor immediately because they're potentially life-threatening if left untreated.
These small, rough lumps are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). They usually appear on the fingers, hands, and knees. They can be painful if they grow large or become infected.
This is a common skin infection caused by tiny mites that burrow under the skin. The rash resembles a rash caused by insects and is normally found on the wrists, elbows, armpits, nipples, and genitals. It can be treated with creams containing permethrin or malathion.
We hope that you've been able to identify the type of skin problem that you are facing. But what are you going to do if "it" happens? Each skin problem has a list of possible treatments, some of which include: topical creams, prescription medication, exfoliation, cleansing, and lifestyle modifications. If you still have questions, we encourage you to ask your primary care doctor to help find the best path for your individual needs.